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Infant Mortality Reduction Initiative - Clinical Services
The Infant Mortality Prevention Initiative aims to:
  • educate the community about Hamilton County’s infant mortality rate
  • mobilize the community to improve the health of women and girls
  • promote preconception health
What is Infant Mortality?
Infant Mortality is the death of a live born infant in the first year of life. In the US, major causes of infant death are congenital abnormalities, pre-term/low birth weight, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), problems related to complications with pregnancy, and respiratory distress syndrome. There are many other contributing factors including abuse, abandonment and neglect.

The Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) is the number of infant deaths that occur per 1,000 live births. Our program
 focuses on the importance of treating your body as if you were ‘forever pregnant.’ This applies to any female of reproductive age; from the time a girl has her first period through menopause. Taking care of our bodies includes ensuring that we are taking folic acid.

Based on the on the latest 2012 data, Tennessee’s infant mortality rate is one of the worst in the nation, with a rate of 7.2 per 1000 live births. More alarming, the state's black infant death rate of 12.1 per 1000 live births was twice that of white babies (5.9 per 1000 live births). In 2011, Hamilton County had an infant mortality rate of 7.9 per 1000 live births; that means 32 babies did not live to celebrate their first birthday. To learn more about Infant Mortality by Race, click here

Low Birth Weight (LBW) is one of the leading causes of infant death. It is defined as a newborn weighing less than 5 pounds 8 ounces. LBW babies are 21 times more likely to die in their first year of life comapared to normal birthweight babies. Unfortunately in Hamilton County, our LBW percentage is higher than national and state percentages. In Tennessee, LBW is the leading cause of infant death in the first 24 hours after birth.

March of Dimes Blue Jeans for Babies

Additional Resources:

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Preconception Health:
12 Things to Do Before You Become Pregnant
Getting Ready for Your Baby

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Healthy Babies Resource Guide:
The Infant Mortality Core Leadership Group has compiled this Healthy Babies Resource Guide to highlight community initiatives and programs working to improve birth outcomes in Hamilton County, and to promote improved interagency care coordination and collaboration.
Click here for Healthy Babies Resource Guide


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Helpful Links:
CDC Infant Mortality
Count the Kicks
Healthy Birth Day
March of Dimes
Folic Acid
Tobacco QuitLine

Data and Statistics:

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Hamilton County Infant Mortality Fact Sheet: Click here for PDF

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2008 Infant Mortality Report:
Download Full Report (PDF Format)
Click here for the report summary


Contact Us:
(423) 209-8135

  • Infant Mortality Reduction
  • Healthy Ladies, Healthy Babies
  • Fetal Infant Mortality Review

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