Smoking and pregnancy
Smoking during pregnancy affects you and your baby's health during and after your baby is born. It can be difficult to quit, but it’s never too late to quit smoking. Women who quit smoking during pregnancy are less likely to have premature and or low-birth weight babies. Maintaining smoking cessation after the baby is born extends the positive health outcomes for women and their families by reducing the damaging effects of second and third hand smoke. This results in healthier mothers and babies.
Second hand smoke
Second hand smoking is the smoke you breathe in from someone else’s cigarette, cigar, and other tobacco products. Being exposed to secondhand smoke is dangerous for you and your baby during and after birth. Mothers who are exposed to secondhand smoke increases their risk of having lower birth rate babies as well as preterm baby’s.
How smoking effect the mother
Benefits of quitting Smoking
· Gives you more energy and helps you breathe easier
· Saves you money that you can spend on other things
· Makes your hair, clothes, and home smell better
· Makes food taste better
· Helps you feel good about what you have done for yourself and your baby
· You and your baby are healthy
Effects of smoking
· At greater risk for Infertility
· At greater risk of baby dying during or soon after birth
· At greater risk of water breaking too early
· At risk for having a premature birth
· At greater risk for pregnancy occurring outside of the womb
· Ectopic Pregnancy
Effects of smoking
· Still Birth
· Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SUID)
· Low birth weight
· Preterm birth
· Damage to baby’s heart and lungs
· Birth defects (cleft lip, congenital heart failure, clubfoot, etc.)
Benefits of quitting smoking
· Increases chance of having a baby this is a healthy weight
· Increases the amount of oxygen your baby will receive
· Lowers risk of your baby being born too early
· Increases chances of baby’s lungs working properly
· Reduce the chances of stillbirth
· Increases your baby’s chance of coming home from the hospital with you
How smoking effects the baby
E-Cigarette usage while pregnant
Although e-cigarettes generally have fewer harmful substances than cigarette smoke due to the aerosol, e-cigarettes and other products containing nicotine is not safe during pregnancy. Nicotine and the flavoring used in e-cigarettes poses a threat for women and the development of the baby’s lungs and brain.
Breast feeding while smoking
Breast milk protects your baby against infection and is one of the best things you can do for the health of your baby. However, smoking reduces the amount and quality of breast milk you produce and some harmful substances from cigarettes go into your breast milk and to the baby.
Quitting and staying quit reduces health risk for the mother and baby. Babies who are born to mothers who do not smoke are born at a healthier weight, less likely to be born prematurely, and reduce developmental delays. Quitting smoking increase your likelihood of positive health outcomes for the mother and the baby.
Tips to quit and stay quit
· Make a plan.
o Include start date
o List triggers to watch out for
o Your reasons for quitting.
· Get Counseling. Studies show that pregnant women who have smoking cessation counseling are 40% more likely to quit.
o See if you’re eligible to enroll in Baby and Me Tobacco Free Program
o 800-QUIT-NOW (800-784-8669) is a source with trained counselors that you can speak to.
· Find ways to deal with your trigger/cravings
o Physical activity
o Managing stress
o Change your daily routine
o Find activities to keep your hands and mouth busy
· Remind yourself of the benefits of why you quit smoking
o Always remember the health of you and your baby are more important than just having one cigarette.